Iran has violated the Yemen arms embargo to provide missiles to the Houthis, according to a report by UN experts seen by AFP on Friday.
The report, which has now been provided to the security council, stated, “The panel has identified missile remnants, related military equipment and military unmanned aerial vehicles that are of Iranian origin and were introduced into Yemen after the imposition of the targeted arms embargo.”
It added, “As a result, the panel finds that the Islamic Republic of Iran is in non-compliance with paragraph 14 of resolution 2216.”
The embargo is enforced under UN resolution 2216 and applies to all UN members. It bans the sale or transfer of weapons to any Yemeni combatants, including the Houthis.
Iran denies the findings of the report, and accused US ambassador to the UN, Nikki Haley, of using fabricated evidence to prove that a missile fired on Riyadh in November was Iranian-made.
The report also said that Iran “failed to take the necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer of Borkan-2H short-range ballistic missiles, field storage tanks for liquid bio-propellant oxidizer for missiles and Ababil-T (Qasef-1) unmanned aerial vehicles to the then Houthi-Saleh alliance.”
The complaints made by the US open the country to charges of hypocrisy, having recently sold $350 billion worth of arms to Saudi Arabia, which has led the war against Houthi rebels in Yemen since 2015.
More than 10,000 people have been killed in the war so far, which the UN has described as the world’s worst humanitarian crisis since the Second World War.