A panel of five UN experts has urged Sudan’s neighbouring countries, particularly Libya and South Sudan, to prevent the financing or supply of weapons and equipment to rebel groups in Darfur, according to Sudan Tribune.
The panel released a report to the Security Council, which also emphasised the importance of developing securing borders through establishing permanent checkpoints at known crossings using advanced technology.
The report, which was obtained by the Sudan Tribune, said the Darfur rebels “work as mercenaries” with the South Sudanese government.
It added that the presence and activities of rebel groups “in both Libya and South Sudan constitute a violation by those states of the arms embargo, which requires states to take measures to prevent the sale or supply of arms and related material and the provision of assistance to Darfurian rebel groups by their nationals or from their territories.”
The experts said that a Darfurian fighter is paid between $250 and $500 per month, but sometimes they have “the option of receiving weapons and vehicles, in lieu of cash payment”.
The investigation also included the issue of human trafficking through Darfur. The report points out that since 2015 the numbers of Darfurian migrants and refugees who recently left Sudan to Europe largely increased, which suggests an increase in smuggling networks operating across Sudan, Libya and Chad, and also that more people in Darfur choose to travel to Europe rather than stay in Libya.Photo
credit: Kalou Kaka [GFDL or CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0], via Wikimedia Commons.